Posts Tagged ‘p-noy’

pop goes the world: not about the SONA

POP GOES THE WORLD By Jenny Ortuoste for Manila Standard-Today, 29 July 2010, Thursday

Not About the SONA

This is not about President Noynoy Aquino’s recent State of the Nation address. That’s been analyzed and deconstructed from Batanes to Jolo and back by other pundits. This column is about the theory of linguistic relativity – that language shapes the way we think and acquire knowledge, and thereby forms our culture as well.

LR is also known as the Sapir-Whorf hypothesis, and states that the structure of a culture’s language determines the behavior and habits of thinking in that culture. In her recent Wall Street Journal article, Stanford University psychology professor Lera Boroditsky gives examples. “Russian speakers, who have more words for light and dark blues, are better able to visually discriminate shades of blue. Some indigenous tribes say north, south, east, and west rather than left and right, and as a consequence have great spatial orientation. The Piraha, whose language eschews number words in favor of terms like ‘few’ and ‘many’, are not able to keep track of exact quantities.”

The Piraha of Brazil have no numbers, colors, fiction, and art. Image here.

Boroditsky says about the new research in the field, “It turns out that if you change how people talk, that changes how they think. If people learn another language, they inadvertently also learn a new way of looking at the world. When bilingual people switch from one language to another, they start thinking differently, too.”

How is this significant for Filipinos? Let’s look at the word dilihensiya. It’s been said that much is lost in translation – there nuances of meaning are often untranslatable. What’s English for makulit, and other words like pitik and pasma? Dilihensiya has connotations of being savvy and street-smart; it is what is done to gain something, usually for survival. Yet these English terms inadequately convey the full meaning of the word; instead, more Tagalog words come to mind – maabilidad, magulang, matinik. These words in turn are also difficult to translate.

It’s also been said that you can put a Filipino anywhere on the planet, under any conditions, and he or she will find a way to survive. Does the fact that these words exist in our language make us Filipinos more resilient and able to withstand hardships to eke out a living where others cannot?

Take the words siya, kapatid, asawa. In English, siya is ‘he’ or ‘she’; kapatid, ‘brother’ or ‘sister’; asawa, ‘wife’ or ‘husband’. Tagalog and other Philippine languages are non-gendered, implying that there was time of sexual equality among the inhabitants of these islands before Spaniards and Americans came with their gendered languages and patriarchal religions (that includes Islam). In William Henry Scott’s Barangay: Sixteenth Century Philippine Culture and Society, it is shown that either sex could inherit; property, including inheritance, was not conjugal; “divorce was easy”, and there were no stigmas attached to premarital sex.

“A Tagalog couple of the Maharlika nobility caste depicted in the Boxer Codex of the 16th c. By the 9th c., a highly developed society had already established several castes with set professions, as well as trading links with China, India, Arabia and Japan.” Image here.

Which reminds me of P-Noy’s SONA of Monday. He gave the speech in Tagalog, which touched the hearts of an audience used to hearing past presidents deliver theirs in English. Yet the language of law and governance is primarily English; will there be contradictions? Missteps in policy formulation?

P-Noy said on the water crisis: “…kinilusan agad ni Secretary Rogelio Singson at ng DPWH. Hindi na siya naghintay ng utos, kaya nabawasan ang perwisyo.” An English translation on Manuel Quezon III’s tumblr site goes:Secretary Singson did it without prodding, which alleviated the suffering of those affected.” Kinilusan is more of ‘moved on it’, while naghintay ng utos is ‘wait for a command’, not the same as ‘prodding’; nabawasan ang perwisyo simply means that bother was reduced – it is not the same as ‘alleviating suffering’. Yo, P-Noy, I’m really happy for you, and Imma let you finish, but being without water is not just perwisyo, it is pagdurusa.

Does the difference in language matter? It can. When the mindset of a people, as influenced by and manifested in their language, is that responsibilities need to be utos and suffering is mere perwisyo, how can you expect them to do their jobs properly out of concern for their fellows? Government fails to deliver service to the people in so many ways. That is why Filipinos are forced to make dilihensiya and to be maabilidad.

“After power, water shortage: Residents of San Dionisio, Parañaque, line up their pails to receive free water from the city government.” Image here.

A friend said in an email about the Boroditsky article, “After the initial description, what sort of ancillary artifact (culture) might form around that self-same description, that also delineates its function within a certain construct? Perhaps, in that sense, the language that arises reinforces culture accordingly in a cyclical fashion. I think of language and culture as both integral parts of the natural DNA of sentience.”

After I read his remark and wiped the blood streaming from my nose, I saw that he had a point. Language can reinforce habits, whether good or bad. Being sentient creatures, now that we possess the knowledge that this can be so, we can now be more vigilant and self-aware of our actions and behavior, not only on the national scale but as individuals, striving to make this country a better place to live in, to reduce the need for dilihensiya and to alleviate pagdurusa.

Well, what do you know – this column is about the SONA after all. ***

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pop goes the world: a culture change is in the wind

POP GOES THE WORLD By Jenny Ortuoste for Manila Standard-Today, 8 July 2010, Thursday

A Culture Change Is In The Wind

Even before his proclamation, when it became clear that one Benigno Aquino III won the most votes in the recent national elections, a torrent of well-meaning advice and suggestions by way of mass media flooded him, most of them having to do with much-needed societal and governance reforms.

In the newspapers, on TV, and in the social media (Facebook, Twitter, etc.), the issue of government corruption tops the list of items that need to be addressed. Commenters unite in saying, “President Noynoy, crack down on the corrupt!” For changes to occur in the structure, the leader has to bring them about both by mandate and by example.

It is inspiring to see how P-Noy started with simple changes that had a personal impact – no wang-wang (sirens) and other traffic privileges for himself; no more presidential plane, he says he can fly commercial (in contrast to his unlamented predecessor who was prevented from buying a P1.2 billion executive jet by public outcry). He arrives early for appointments and beats traffic by leaving his house earlier than he’s used to.

It is appalling to see how the new vice-president, Jejomar Binay, was caught by news media blatantly ignoring traffic rules by running a red light and turning left on a “No Left Turn” street. His comment? “But I didn’t use wang-wang.” He also said that even if he left early, traffic would have been heavy anyway. Yeah, right. Seems to me someone just doesn’t want to give up the “privileges” he’s been used to. Ignoring the rules mandated for others sets you apart from the majority and makes you feel special and powerful. Insecure much?

Binay with Erap on the campaign trail in 2010. Image here.

P-Noy has been criticized for focusing on “insignificant” matters while bigger issues require solutions, now na! Come on, give the guy a break. It’s his first week on the job, yet already his actions have triggered a perceptible shift in the culture of privilege. Hope for fairness has lifted many hearts. Ordinary citizens are using digital technology to take pictures and videos of wang-wang and traffic violators and uploading them to the Internet. Perhaps public shaming will result in a change of behavior. For a test case, we’ll see if it has an effect on V-Nay.

University of the Philippines communication professor Dr. Joey Lacson calls this “a shift in the communication environment” – policies emanating from the top will trickle down and bring about changes in society, where new knowledge and awareness may lead to a change in attitude and practice.

Yet how effective as a catalyst for behavorial change can P-Noy’s example be? To return to the issue of endemic government corruption, will the way the president lives his life be enough to foster better behavior among unscrupulous government officials and employees?

My sister Aileen arrived for a vacation last week from Dubai, where she has been based the past 15 years or so as an overseas foreign worker. She went to the National Bureau of Investigation in Quezon City the other day to obtain a police clearance and was dismayed to see the shabby building, obsolete fingerprinting equipment, and long lines that snaked in three coils to another building. “On what does the NBI spend its annual budget?” she asked.

At Window 1, she was required to pay a fee for the clearance. At the next window, she was assessed another five pesos for “fingerprinting”. “The man taking the money,” she said, “had stacks of coins in front of him. And he wasn’t behind the counter. He did not issue a receipt. What was the extra five bucks really for and why is it not included in the amount I was charged at the first window?”

Fixers asked for P350 to enable her to jump the line and get her clearance faster. They swarmed around her and the other people in line as security guards and employees watched, obviously aware of the system. Since they do nothing to stop it, it leads one to assume that at least some of them are in on it too.

I rode a cab to school yesterday. The taxi driver, Virgilio T., complained that when he went to the Land Transportation Office at N. Domingo to renew his driver’s license, he was told to return after ninety days for the card. At the same time, he was approached by a fixer and told that for a fee, he could get his license in just two weeks. “If they can print the card in that short a time,” he said, “why do they make us wait three months? Why do they have to extort money from us for them to do their job?”

These are just two instances of how deeply embedded the culture of corruption is in government, at all levels from top to bottom, the difference being a matter of scale – the big fish take billions from government contracts, the small fry are content with the steady trickle of coins.

How do you tweak the communication environment in this situation to bring about a positive cultural change? For starters, P-Noy and his team need to craft clear policies that spell out the types of unethical behavior and their corresponding penalties, then strictly enforce them without fear or favor. Consistency in implementation is necessary for credibility.

Next, P-Noy needs to be true to his policies by living a squeaky-clean life and continuing to be a good example, to enable changes in organizations to occur via the trickle-down effect. It’s a tough act, but then who said being president was easy?

We as citizens can to do our part by not giving in to the desire for convenience by refusing to engage in graft and by exposing the corrupt. Like P-Noy, no more wang-wang, no more fixers, no more getting out of traffic violations by showing the card of this or that government official. Or showing the face of a government official – that means you, V-Nay.

“A change is gonna come,” sang Sam Cooke, and we can share that optimism, for we can already feel the winds of change blowing. How refreshing they are.    ***

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